Common Problems

commonproblemsTooth Decay

Caries or otherwise known as tooth decay is a preventable disease. While caries might not endanger your life, it may negatively impact your quality of life.

When your teeth and gums are consistently exposed to large amounts of starches and sugars, acids may form that begin to eat away at the tooth enamel.  Carbohydrate-rich foods such as candy, cookies, soft drinks and even fruit juices leave deposits on your teeth daily.  Those deposits bond with the bacteria that normally survive in your mouth and form plaque. The combination of deposits and plaque forms acids that can damage the mineral structure of teeth thus resulting in tooth decay!

Sensitive Teeth

Your teeth expand and contract in reaction to changes in temperature.  Hot and cold food or beverages can cause pain or irritation to people with sensitive teeth.  Over time your tooth enamel can be worn down, gums may recede or teeth may develop microscopic cracks which can expose the interior of the tooth and cause irritation to the nerve endings.  Just breathing cold air can be painful for those with extremely sensitive teeth.

Gum Disease

Gum disease, otherwise known as periodontal disease can cause inflammation, tooth loss and bone damage!  Gum disease begins with a sticky film of bacteria called plaque.  Gums in the early stage of disease or gingivitis can bleed easily thus becoming red and swollen.  As the disease progresses to periodontitis, teeth may fall out or need to be removed by a dentist.  Gum disease is highly preventable as it can usually be avoided by daily brushing and flossing.  One indicator of gum disease is consistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.

Bad Breath (Halitosis)

Daily brushing and flossing helps to prevent the build-up of food particles, plaque and bacteria in your mouth.  Food particles left in the mouth deteriorate and cause bad breath.  While certain foods such as garlic or anchovies may create temporary bad breath.  Consistent bad breath may be a sign of gum disease or another dental problem!

Canker Sores

Canker sores (aphthous ulcers) are small sores inside the mouth that often recur.  Generally lasting one or two weeks.  The duration of canker sores can be reduced by the use of antimicrobial mouthwashes or topical agents.  The canker sore has a white or gray base surrounded by a red border.

Orthodontic Problems

A bite that does not meet properly (a malocclusion) can be inherited or some types may be acquired.  Some causes of malocclusion include missing or extra teeth, crowded teeth or misaligned jaws. Accidents or developmental issues such as finger or thumb sucking over an extended period of time may cause malocclusions.